American Colonization Society. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Originally known as the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States, the American Colonization Society (ACS) was founded in 1816 by a group of white elites including Reverend Robert Finley, Charles Fenton Mercer, Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, Bushrod Washington, Elias Caldwell, and Francis Scott Key. Son intention était d'aider les esclaves américains victimes de la traite transatlantique à revenir sur leur continent d'origine. It was founded in 1816 by Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister, and some of the country’s most influential men, including Francis Scott Key, Henry Clay, and Bushrod In 1847 Liberia, until then virtually an overseas branch of the society, declared its independence. The American Colonization Society was established in 1817 and was originally named the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States. American Colonization Society, in full American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States, American organization dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and emancipated slaves to Africa. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. More slaves were born every week, than the American Colonization Society sent back to Africa in an entire year. La plupart des membres de cette association ne voulaient pas la manumission des esclaves. American clergyman and educator from New Jersey who is known as one of the founders of the American Colonization Society, which established the colony of Liberia in West Africa as a place for free American Blacks. He worked briefly as an agent of the American Colonization Society in 1839 before leaving to prepare for the ministry at the Princeton Theological Seminary. Moore was installed as pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church of Carlisle, PA, though he only held this post for three years, resigning because of some church difficulties. Détails sur le produit . L'American Colonization Society fut une société philantropique américaine fondée en 1816. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Bushrod Washington, first president of the American Colonization Society. as American Colonization Society; works by this body are entered under the name used at time of publication) Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Contributeurs. En 1821, l'American Colonization Society acheta des terres à l'embouchure du fleuve Saint-Paul, où plus tard a été créé le Liberia. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/American-Colonization-Society, BlackPast.org - American Colonization Society, Ohio History Central - American Colonization Society. Between 1821 and 1867 some 10,000 black Americans, along with several thousand Africans from interdicted slave ships, were resettled by the group, but its involvement with transport to Liberia ended after the American Civil War. La plupart des membres de cette association ne voulaient pas la manumission (affranchissement) des esclaves. The first president of the ACS was the nephew of former President George Washington, Bushrod Washington. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 23 août 2020 à 13:58. Retrouvez American Colonization Society et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. In the Spring of 1842, Rev. Langues Anglais. Trouvez les American Colonization Society images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. American Colonization Society The American Colonization Society was established in 1816 by Robert Finley as an attempt to satisfy two groups in America. During the decades the society operated more than 12,000 people were transported to Africa and the African nation of Liberia was founded. It was founded in 1816 by Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister, and some of the country’s most influential men, including Francis Scott Key, Henry Clay, and Bushrod Washington (nephew of George Washington and the society’s first president). The freeing of ma Beginning in the 1830s, the society was harshly attacked by some abolitionists, who tried to discredit colonization as a slaveholders' scheme and the American Colonization Society as merely propaganda for the continuation of slavery in the United States. Achetez les livres de american colonization society sur Indigo.ca. American Colonization Society, organized Dec., 1816–Jan., 1817, at Washington, D.C., to transport free blacks from the United States and settle them in Africa. Wikipedia. Reviled by extremists on both sides of the slavery debate and suffering from a shortage of money, the society declined after 1840. Some saw colonization as a humanitarian effort and a means of ending slavery, but many antislavery advocates came to oppose the society, believing that its true intent was to drain off the best of the free black population and preserve the institution of slavery. The ACS transported approximately 12,000 blacks to … Pastor for 20 years at a Presbyterian church in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, and also taught in elementary school and at a boys' academy. Noté /5. American Colonization Society. Colonization Societies, History of Liberia, Lott Carey, Atlantic slave trade, Library of Congress, Republic of Maryland, Americo-Liberian, American Revolutionary War. Ironically, these groups were on opposite ends of the spectrum involving slavery in the early 1800's. Gabriel also met fellow hired slaves, free blacks, during his travels. The Society supported the idea of helping free African Americans settle in Africa so as to enjoy greater freedoms. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. American Colonization Society, American organization dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and emancipated slaves to Africa. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. By 1830, the American Colonization had managed to send only 1,400 blacks to Liberia. Chronology of Events. L' American Colonization Society est une société américaine fondée en 1816 par Robert Finley [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 3 ], dont l'objectif était essentiellement de diminuer le nombre des Afro-Américains aux États-Unis en organisant une émigration vers l'Afrique. American Colonization Society membership certificate, 1833 | When James Madison signed this membership certificate as president of the American Colonization Society in 1833, the organization’s effort to repatriate America’s free black population to Africa had been underway for over a decade. Éditeur Frederic P. Miller. Support for it came from local and state branches and from churches, and the federal government provided some initial funding. In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. The society focused on education and missionary activities until the early 20th century. Most of the presidents of the ACS tended toward Southerners. 1816: Meetings held at Washington, D.C., to discuss forming a colonization society; 1817: “The American Society for Colonizing Free People of Colour of the United States” founded at Washington, D.C., with Bushrod Washington as president and Elias B. Caldwell as secretary Ebenezer Burgess and Samuel J. The American Colonization Society (ACS) platform to freed blacks in America was if you do not like it here in America, ships are leaving the harbor, and we want to help you go back to Africa. found: MWA/NAIP files (organized 1817 as American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States; name changed 3/22/1837 when incorporated in Md. DUIN VVQL2DAGDN9. L'abolitionniste James Forten après avoir soutenu l’initiative la dénonce en 1817[5], plus tard William Lloyd Garrison a dénoncé cette société à partir de 1829, et notamment dans le livre Thoughts on African Colonization en 1832[6]. Vérifiez les traductions 'American Colonization Society' en Anglais. L'American Colonization Society est une société américaine fondée en 1816 par Robert Finley [1], [2], [3], dont l'objectif était essentiellement de diminuer le nombre des Afro-Américains aux États-Unis en organisant une émigration vers l'Afrique. It was dissolved in 1964. Corrections? Elle acheta en 1821 des terres à l'embouchure du fleuve Saint-Paul, là où le Libéria vit plus tard le jour. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. La principale organisation antiesclavagiste américaine, l'American Anti-Slavery Society, a également condamné, et ce dès sa fondation en 1833, le plan de l'American Colonization Society. Gabriel also met fellow hired slaves, free blacks, during his travels. La Société contrôla étroitement le développement du Liberia jusqu'en 1847, au moment où le Libéria se déclara indépendant. En 1867, elle avait organisé le retour de plus de 13 000 esclaves[4]. The membership was overwhelmingly white—with some clergymen and abolitionists but also a large number of slave owners—and all generally agreed with the prevailing view of the time that free blacks could not be integrated into white America. Senator Henry Clay of Kentuckywas ACS president from 1836 to 1849. Définitions de The National Colonization Society of America, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de The National Colonization Society of America, dictionnaire analogique de The National Colonization Society of America (français) Mills sent to Africa to select a suitable site for the colony Magasinez parmi 630 livres populaires, notamment Liberia Unmasked, or the Incompatibility of the Views and Schemes of the American Colonization…, The African Repository And Colonial Journal, Volume 36... et plus de american colonization society. Group 2 Edited by: Daniel Conforti Narrator: Kyle Riley Research and Works Cited: Alejandro Reyes History of Liberia. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=American_Colonization_Society&oldid=174063881, Association ou organisme ayant son siège aux États-Unis, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Éditeur John McBrewster. L' American Colonization Society est une société américaine fondée en 1816 par Robert Finley, dont l'objectif était essentiellement de diminuer le nombre des personnes noires aux États-Unis en organisant une émigration vers l'Afrique. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The American Colonization Society, organized in 1817 to resettle African Americans in West Africa, presented its records to the Library of Congress in 1913, 1964, and 1965. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. GTIN 9786130045845. The American Colonization Society also pressured the federal government to compensate slave owners who freed their slaves. Manuscript Division Holdings While spanning the period 1792 to 1964, the majority of the society's correspondence, reports, and financial and business papers date from the years 1823 to 1912. Omissions? Updates? The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. Cherchez des exemples de traductions American Colonization Society dans des phrases, écoutez à … L'American Colonization Society est une société américaine fondée en 1816 par Robert Finley[1],[2],[3], dont l'objectif était essentiellement de diminuer le nombre des Afro-Américains aux États-Unis en organisant une émigration vers l'Afrique. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium American Colonization Society de la plus haute qualité. In 1821, after a failed colonizing attempt the previous year and protracted negotiations with local chiefs, the society acquired the Cape Mesurado area, subsequently the site of Monrovia, Liberia. Éditeur Agnes F. Vandome. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was established in Washington, D.C., in December 1816 by Presbyterian minister Robert Finley (1772–1817) for the purpose of removing free blacks from the United States and settling them in Africa. The American Colonization Society (ACS), also known as the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color in the United States, emerged in 1816 as a national organization dedicated to promoting the manumission of the enslaved and the settlement of free blacks in West Africa, specifically in the colony of Liberia. The American Colonization Society was an organization formed in 1816 with the purpose of transporting free Black people from the United States to settle on the west coast of Africa. 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